The title given to the Lord Jesus Christ in John 1:1, 14; 1 John 1:1; Rev. 19:13 and translated “Word.” Much has been written to try to connect the NT use of Logos as a title for Christ with Greek philosophical uses of it. Much learned discussion has taken place on the “sources of the Johannine concept.” Such studies are non-productive because God alone is the source of John’s teaching of the Logos. Greek philosophy spoke of a logos as the principle of divine reason in the world. The Greeks thought God could not make direct contact with matter and therefore looked on the logos as a sort of buffer between God and the material world.
How different is the Logos in John’s inspired writings. No mere principle, He is truly God as to His essence and yet “with God” (pros, “with,” in John 1:1 signifies the closest communion), indicating His hypostatic distinction (see Hypostasis). Calvin remarks that the title “Word” refers to the fulness of divine wisdom residing in Him, by which all the inspired prophets and apostles communicated God’s revelation to men. As the Word, Christ is the perfect self-expression of God, His message to the world, and He is the one who brings it to us (cf. Heb. 1:1).
Cairns, A. (2002). In Dictionary of Theological Terms. Belfast; Greenville, SC: Ambassador Emerald International.
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